Brachycephalic Dog Breeds
Real Hot Dogs!
Brachycephalic dog breeds are the cutest breed of flat
faced dogs having a round, short head, which means minimal space for their palate as well as their eye sockets which protrude, due to the lack of head room. This is particularly true with small dog breeds which are already bred over centuries to be tiny.
Domestic breeding has resulted in making a particularly cute dog, however, they do suffer from over heating and respiratory difficulty. There is a trend with responsible breeders who are now creating healthier conformation which allows for extra space for teeth, palate and tongue. This reduces some of the risks associated with brachycephalic dog breeds.
Small dog breeds with pushed up faces need extra special care in extreme weather conditions be it hot or cold. Naturally all toy dog breeds should be kenneled indoors. Left alone for long periods of time, these types of dogs, which are used to being lovingly cared for, could suffer from Dog Separation Anxiety.
Brachycephalic dog breeds because they need extra care are extra special. These flat faced dogs are unable to cool themselves sufficiently as they have difficulty breathing, particularly in hot conditions or with excessive exercise. The soft tissue in the palate obscures the trachea and prevents air from flowing over the tongue which is the manner in which all types of dogs cool themselves.
Due to the lack of space in the mouth cavity, the "air-conditioning unit", is not efficient. Hot or humid weather conditions, exertion, can result in a very unhappy pet easily prone to potentially deadly
Brachycephalic breeds, fortunately, are
mostly small dog breeds, making it easier for responsible owners to house them indoors in hot (and cold) conditions. Labored breathing, the inability to
breath easily causing distress and resulting in inflamed airways, known as the Brachycephalic syndrome.
Health problems are mostly related to the Brachycephallic breeding, short snouted, very cute little faces. The Affenpinscher don't have many health issues besides the breathing condition common in these types of dog breed as well as eye ulcers. These little sweethearts, need human companionship and are not a good choice of dog breed if you are unable to spend a great part of your day with this cute dog.
Boston Terrier Breed
A great choice of small dog breeds when choosing a dog for the single, elderly or family. Boston Terriers do not need lots of exercising, active play in a small garden or an apartment is sufficient to ensure their general well being. These types of dogs are devoted, very intelligent and entertaining. These Brachycepahlic dog breeds are one of America's favorite dog breeds. Their intelligence allows for easy training, but spot any weakness in their owner, resulting in a difficult to train, albeit cute dog.
Cavalier King Charles
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an ideal apartment breed, but enjoys some daily exercise. These, non aggressive, brachecyphalic dog breeds enjoy the company of his family and must have lots of attention. He is adaptable in either a large or small home, as long as he is kept warm and out of the cold. This breed will not be happy if left alone for long period of time. Low maintenance, fabulous companion dog is a great choice if you have time to spend with your beloved pet.
This sensitive soul will suffer from depression
if neglected. A comical character, this little charmer is suitable for all families young and old. A relatively short life expectancy is something that needs to be considered when choosing this dog breed. Not much grooming and minimal exercise makes this an easy to keep dog, provided you have time to be a companion to him! In this he is a demanding lover wanting a lot of attention, but he has a lot of love to give in return.
A huge personality in a tiny body and rather scruffy
coat! This cheeky monkey faced dog is ideal for one person. A
terrier by nature, he is engaging and alert. This tiny dog breed must have a long daily walk and will become destructive if he is not exercised. These Brachycephalic dog breeds are known for snoring and wind. The Smooth coated version (petit Brabacon) is similar in every way, however, this breed variety needs less maintenance than the Griffon Bruxellois.
A highly intelligent lap dog which has a relatively
short life expectancy compared to other small dog breeds. The Japanese Chin is an instinctively intelligent breed. Is not noisy and has a happy temperament. These small dog breeds are highly suitable as companions for the elderly. They enjoy play but are not energetic. This cute dog is not aggressive but makes a keen watchdog as this little dog intuitively assesses strangers. These small dog breeds generally bond with one person but gets on well with other pets.
This tiny flat faced dog cannot be keneled outdoors. As with most of these types of dogs, human companionship seems to be essential for their happiness. This sweetie is not keen on people strange to him, nor are children suitable for this fragile tot as he can guard his toys and snap when challenged. He will give you unconditional love in return for being your center of attention. A daily walk is not essential, just being a pampered pet is key to the needs of the Pekingese breed.
Pug Dog Breed
A compact, comical dog makes a superb addition to any home with children or the elderly. They need little or no exercise but can become obese. In fact these toy dog breeds are genetically prone to obesity! This cute dog breed is inclined to snoring and flatulence. Their brachecyphalic breeding means they must live indoors and be protected from extreme temperatures. A gentle to train pooch and low maintenance to boot makes the Pug Dog a popular choice for those wanting a devoted lap dog.
Shih Tzu Dogs
A challenging dog breed but ideal for those who want a cute dog to love, groom and spend a lot of time with. As with all our Brachyephalic Dog Breeds, these beautiful dogs must be kenneled indoors. These types of dog can be difficult to train and hates being alone! These small dog breeds are not suitable for the family who are out all day. Ideal companion for a single person. Small children should be supervised around the Shih Tzu as they can guard their food and toys. Truly a beautiful dog breed if you have time.
Protecting Brachycephalic Dog Breeds from overheating are pretty obvious, suggestions include:
- Never leave your flat faced dogs (or any other dogs) unattended in a car particularly in the sun.
- Keep them inside in during hot summers or provide shady areas if they are outdoors.
- Don't exercise them excessively, and when you do, choose a cooler time of the day.
A very narrow windpipe poses an anaesthetic risk in individual Brachycepahlic dogs. Before any surgery is undertaken, a responsible vet should check this out.
Two larger (and popular) Brachyephalic Dog Breeds
not covered here are the Boxer and the English Bulldog.
Due to their eyes being pronounced, these brachycephalic dog breeds are also prone to eye disorders and eye
injuries. There is simply not enough space in the skull cavity for the eye socket to be protected and are susceptible to their eyes popping out! Should this unthinkable happen, surgical replacement is necessary.
A blow to the back of the head or excessive pulling on a collar can cause eye popping. Consider a harness and not a collar as a precautionary measure with these cute dogs.
Look at Dog Eye Care for help. Extra eye care is essential with Brachycephalic dog breeds.
Additionally cleaning dogs teeth is critical with all small dog breeds but especially for these flat faced dogs. The 42 teeth are crammed into a jaw that is not large enough. Teeth are often skew and debris collects causing early decay and periodontal disease. You want to avoid dental work under general anaesthetics due to the risks associated with it so, prevention is better than cure.
Due to the extra care they require, these special dog breeds are usually doted on by responsible owners. With very few precautions you will reap the benefits of these flat faced dogs as they are rich in personality and lovable appearance.
For other lists of Small Dog Breeds:
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